作者/来源:新新源移民/newnewland   发表时间:2015-04-27 19:06:06


2131 Civil engineers




Civil engineers plan, design, develop and manage projectsfor the construction or repair of buildings, earth structures, powerhouses,roads, airports, railways, rapid transit facilities, bridges, tunnels, canals,dams, ports and coastal installations and systems related to highway andtransportation services, water distribution and sanitation. Civil engineers mayalso specialize in foundation analysis, building and structural inspection,surveying, geomatics and municipal planning. Civil engineers are employed byengineering consulting companies, in all levels of government, by constructionfirms and in many other industries, or they may be self-employed.



airport engineer--—机场工程师

appraisal engineer—造价工程师

architectural engineer—建筑工程师

asphalt engineer—沥青工程师

bridge engineer—桥梁工程师

building envelope engineer—建筑围护结构工程师

buildings and bridge engineer—建筑和桥梁工程师

cartographic engineer—制图工程师

chief civil engineer—首席土木工程师

civil engineer—土木工程师(新新源移民)

civil inspection engineer—土木监察工程师

coastal engineer—海岸工程师

concrete engineer—混泥土工程师

construction engineer—施工工程师

construction project engineer—施工项目工程师

consulting civil engineer—咨询土木工程师

county engineer—Country工程师

dams engineer—水坝工程师

district engineer—区域工程师

drainage design engineer—排水设计工程师

engineer, solid waste management—固体废物管理工程师

engineer, surveying—测量工程师

environmental engineer—环境工程师

environmental engineer, civil—环境工程师(土木)

erecting engineer—装配工程师

foundation engineer—地基工程师

geodetic engineer—大地测量工程师

geomatics engineer—测绘工程师

highway engineer—高速工程师

hydraulics engineer—液压工程师

hydrographic engineer—水道测量工程师

hydrological engineer—水文工程师

irrigation and drainage engineer—给排水工程师

irrigation engineer—给水工程师

land drainage engineer—土地排水工程师

mapping engineer—绘图工程师

materials and testing engineer, civil—材料和测试工程师

municipal engineer—市政工程师

navigation and positioning engineer—导航和定位工程师

noise abatement engineer—噪音控制工程师

ocean engineer—海洋工程师

photogrammetric engineer—摄影测量工程师

pipeline engineer, civil—管道工程师(土木)

pollution control engineer—污染控制工程师

precision survey engineer—精度测量工程师

project engineer, construction—项目工程师(建筑)

public health engineer—公共安全工程师

public works engineer—市政工程工程师

rail transportation traffic engineer—轨道交通工程师

reclamation engineer—再利用工程师

remote sensing engineer—遥感工程师

river and canal works engineer—河流工程结构工程师

sanitary engineer—卫生工程师

sanitation engineer—卫生工程师

sewage control engineer—污水控制工程师

soil engineer—土壤工程师(新新源移民)

solid waste management engineer—固体废弃管理工程师

spatial information systems engineer—空间信息系统工程师

structural design engineer—结构设计工程师

structural engineer—结构工程师

structural engineer, civil—结构工程师(土木)

survey engineer—测量工程师(新新源移民)

surveying engineer—测量工程师

traffic engineer—交通工程师

traffic engineer, rail transportation—铁路交通工程师

traffic operations engineer—交通运营工程师

transportation engineer—交通工程师

tunnel engineer—隧道工程师

urban road system engineer—城市道路工程师

water and sewer engineer—水和下水道工程师

water management engineer—水管理工程师

water resources engineer—水资源工程师

water systems engineer—水系统工程师

water treatment engineer—水处理工程师


















Civil engineers perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Confer with  clients and other members of the engineering team and conduct research to     determine project requirements

  • Plan and  design major civil projects such as buildings, roads, bridges, dams, water and waste management systems and structural steel fabrications

  • Develop  construction specifications and procedures

  • Evaluate and  recommend appropriate building and construction materials

  • Interpret, review and approve survey and civil design work

  • Conduct field services for civil works

  • Ensure construction plans meet guidelines and specifications of building codes     and other regulations

  • Establish and  monitor construction work schedules

  • Conduct  feasibility studies, economic analyses, municipal and regional traffic  studies, environmental impact studies or other investigations

  • Monitor air, water and soil quality and develop procedures to clean up contaminated sites

  • Conduct  technical analyses of survey and field data for development of  topographic, soil, hydrological or other information and prepare reports

  • Act as project or site supervisor for land survey or construction work

  • Prepare  contract documents and review and evaluate tenders for construction  projects

  • Supervise  technicians, technologists and other engineers and review and approve  designs, calculations and cost estimates.



  • A bachelor's  degree in civil engineering or in a related engineering discipline is     required.

  • A master's  degree or doctorate in a related engineering discipline may be required.

  • Licensing by  a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers is required to approve engineering drawings and reports and to practise as a  Professional Engineer (P.Eng.).

  • Engineers are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited  educational program, and after three or four years of supervised work  experience in engineering and passing a professional practice examination.

  • Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification is offered by the     Canada Green Building Council and may be required by some employers.

Additional information

  • There is considerable mobility between civil engineering specializations at the     less senior levels.

  • Supervisory  and senior positions in this unit group require experience.

  • Engineers  often work in a multidisciplinary environment and acquire knowledge and  skills through work experience that may allow them to practise in  associated areas of science, engineering, sales, marketing or management.


  • Chemical  environmental engineers (in 2134 Chemical  engineers )

  • Construction managers (0711)

  • Engineering managers (0211)

  • Geological engineers (2144)

  • Managers in transportation (0731)

Classification Structure - 2 












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